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Red Hot:Ontario
Important info
re: College of Veterinarians of Ontario.

Positions by Jurisdiction

Surgeries Addressed

Source of Authority, Position

Ontario OVMA Tail docking in equine, bovine, or canine species
Tail nicking/setting in the equine species Ear cropping in canine species
Onychetomy is species other than the domestic cat
Opposes surgical alteration of any animal for purely cosmetic purposes
Recommends breed associations change their breed standards so that cosmetic procedures are not required.
CVO – TheCollege of Veterinarians of Ontario Rather than banning any specific surgery from the scope of veterinary medical practice, the CVO has approached this very complex and wide-ranging issue by grouping surgeries from the wide spectrum of “medically unnecessary” procedures into “acceptable,” “questionable,” and “not acceptable” categories, according to what is believed to be the current consensus of the veterinary profession in Ontario. Practice standards are set over time by the profession itself, and so it is expected that this document will evolve as standards and society’s attitudes also evolve. The CVO appreciates your ongoing interest in the development of its policy document on Medically Unnecessary Surgery. Your input is important as Council reviews the issue in developing policy. The CVO Council has developed a policy document on Medically Unnecessary Surgery and is currently circulating the draft document to all interested parties for review and comment.

What you can do to help:

The CVO appreciates your ongoing interest in the development of its policy document on Medically Unnecessary Surgery. Your input is important as Council reviews the issue in developing policy. The CVO Council has developed a policy document on Medically Unnecessary Surgery and is currently circulating the draft document to all interested parties for review and comment.

The CVO has today (November 11, 2011) put out their Position Statement on cropping, docking and dew claw removal etc.  It is a Policy Document on unnecessary veterinary surgery.  See their website: CVO under « Regulatory Consultations » at http://www.cvo.org/consultations.cfm .  Please process this through your network so that people can respond to OVC regarding their concerns.

Newfoundland and Labrador College of Veterinarians [Regulator] Ear cropping dogs Ear cropping and tail docking in dogs. Act: Illegal under Animal Protection Act since 1978.
By-law: passed in 2010; prohibits both.
Nova Scotia NSVMA 
[Regulator and Association]
Tail docking in the equine, bovine, canine
Tail docks in newborn puppies
Dewclaw removal in newborn puppies
Tail alteration (nicking/setting) in equine
Ear cropping
Onychetomy (de-claw) in species other than the domestic cat
Code of Ethics: No member of NSVMA shall perform cosmetic surgery on an animal for the purpose of having the animal’s appearance conform to a breed standard or tradition. Cosmetic surgery is defined as non-therapeutic surgical procedures which alter the appearance of an animal for purely cosmetic purposes
New Brunswick NBVMA
[Regulator and Association]
Tail docking in dogs, horses, and cows
Tail nicking and setting in horses
Ear cropping in dogs
Declawing in species other than cats
By Law: Considered professional misconduct for a veterinarian to perform cosmetic surgery (non-therapeutic surgical procedures which alter the appearance of an animal for purely cosmetic purposes). [March 31, 2009]
Prince Edward Island 
[Regulator and Association]
Tail docking in the canine, equine, and bovine species
Tail nicking and setting in the equine species
Ear cropping in the canine species
By-Law Considered unprofessional conduct for a veterinarian to perform cosmetic surgery on any animal. Cosmetic surgery is defined as non-therapeutic surgical procedures (i.e. of no medical benefit) which are performed purely to alter the appearance of an animal. Note: By-Law turned back by gov’t in summer 2010; passed in Nov 2010.
Ordre des médecins veterinaries du Quebec 
[Regulator]
Ear cropping
Tail docking
Position Statement: Surgeries considered unethical in Position statement. Encourage members to educate the public and remind public that surgeries are veterinary procedures not to be performed by non-veterinarians. Plan: to integrate animal welfare positions into a new Act.
Manitoba MVMA
[Regulator and Association]
Cosmetic Surgery Task Force working on educational platform for breeders and public at large; hope to draft a by-law.
Saskatchewan SVMA 
[Regulator and Association]
Cosmetic Surgery Banned ear cropping. Does not include tail docking and dew claws
Alberta 
[Regulator and Association]
Tail docking: equine, bovine, or canine
Tail nicking/setting in the equine species
Ear cropping in canine species
Onychetomy in other than domestic cat
Supports CVMA recommendations – it is not professional misconduct to perform any surgery; issue needs to be addressed by industry and society generally.
British Columbia CVBC 
[Regulator]
Ear cropping
Tail docking
Implicit in Act that unnecessary surgery might lead to a misconduct finding, depending on all circumstances. Could develop a By Law in the future (straw poll “to ban” was in favour).
Canadian Kennel Club Ear cropping dogs
Differentiates from:
Tail docking
Dewclaw removal
Will not unilaterally legislate changes to breed standards. Ear cropping must be done under general anesthetic.
Tail docking and removal of dewclaws in young puppies is similar to practices in livestock industry.
Canadian Federation of Humane Societies Cosmetic Surgery (“eg: tail docking, ear cropping, etc.”) Opposes surgical alterations of companion animals for cosmetic reasons; encourages breed associations and the Canadian Kennel Club to change breed standards so that cosmetic procedures are not required.
CVMA Tail docking in equine, bovine, or canine
Tail nicking/setting in the equine
Ear cropping in canine
Onychetomy is species other than the domestic cat
Opposes surgical alteration of any animal for purely cosmetic purposes.
Recommends breed associations change their breed standards so that cosmetic procedures are not required